Xanthorrhoea preissii – Grass Tree

The grass tree is an iconic Australian plant, slow growing, long lived and will give character to the landscape. It has a tuft of grassy leaves atop a dark thick trunk, with cream flowers borne on a tall spear-like spike. Native to Western Australia, it will grow on a variety of soils, but needs to be well drained. If the soil is on the clay side, it will need to be formed into a raised bed to help prevent root rot. Best in full sun. Water regularly while the plant is establishing, but don’t overwater. Will flower only every few years. Tolerates some frost, and dry periods. Best in warm temperate to Mediterranean climates.

Scientific Name:Xanthorrhoea preissii
Common Name:Grass Tree
Other Common Names:Balga
Plant Type:Small shrub, Large shrub, Grass or grass-like
Height:4 ~ 7 metres
Width:2 ~ 4 metres
Flower Colour:White, Cream
Flowering Time:Summer, Autumn, Winter
Ph Level:Acid, Neutral, Alkaline
Soil Type:Sandy, Loamy, Sandy loam, Clay loam, Poor soil
Plant Environment:Low maintenance garden, Courtyard, Poolside, Container growing, Coastal garden, Drought resistant
Climate Zone:Warm temperate, Cool temperate, Mediterranean, Semi-arid
Light:Sunny, Light shade
Growth Habit:Evergreen, Weeping
Soil Moisture:Well-drained
Frost Tolerance:Tolerates light frost
Plant Usage:Feature plant, Wow factor
Special Features:
Attracts Wildlife:Bees, Nectar eating birds, Butterflies, Other insects

The information provided on the Gardening With Angus website is provided for general educational purposes about a variety of Australian plants. We recommend you seek further advice from qualified professionals regarding your own individual circumstances.  Further disclaimer information>>


Once you have found the plant that looks right for you, the next step is where to buy it.
Most nurseries stock a good range of plants, but due to space and supplies, they may not always have the plant that you are searching for in stock. If they don’t, they may be able to order it in for you if you request it.
Specialist nurseries are also able to give great advice, and if they don’t have the plant you have planned on, they can often suggest alternatives that will also work well for you.
Below is a list of our favourite specialist nurseries. Click on the links for their details-


The Wildflower Place Erina – NSW 


Newcastle Wildflower Nursery – NSW


IndigiGrow- Sydney- NSW


Harvest Seeds And Native Plant Nursery – Sydney – NSW


Native Grace Nursery – Robertson NSW


Wariapendi Nursery – Colo Vale NSW


Sydney Wildflower Nursery – NSW


Cool Country Natives – ACT


Geelong Native Plants – Victoria


Wimmera Native Nursery – Victoria


Forest Heart eco-Nursery – Maleny Queensland


Natives R Us – Traveston – Queensland 


Zanthorrea Nursery – Perth WA


Manuka Native Nursery – South Australia




The Native Shop – mail order


Plants In A Box




Angus recommends Bush Tucker fertiliser for native plants.