Typha orientalis – Bullrush

This common species is found in eastern and northern Australia and in Asia. It grows in bodies of water and in boggy areas, and grows from rhizomes. It is considered a weed in some parts of Australia. Produces both male and female flowers, the latter being the familiar brown velvety area on the Cumbungi. The plant is traditionally an Aboriginal source of food, amongst other resources it provides. The rhizomes can be roasted, new shoots eaten fresh and young flower stems steamed. The seed heads can be added to flour for baking, and contain protein. The leaves are useful for weaving into baskets, hats and mats, and all parts of the plant can be used for thatching.

Scientific Name:Typha orientalis
Common Name:Bullrush
Other Common Names:Cumbungi
Plant Type:Clumping perennial, Aquatic
Height:2 ~ 4.5 metres
Width:1 metre
Flower Colour:Brown
Flowering Time:Summer
Ph Level:Acid, Neutral, Alkaline
Soil Type:Sandy, Clay, Loamy, Sandy loam, Clay loam, Poor soil
Plant Environment:Low maintenance garden
Climate Zone:Sub-tropical, Warm temperate
Light:Sunny, Light shade, Half shade
Growth Habit:Evergreen, Spreading, Column-shaped
Soil Moisture:Moist moderate drainage, Boggy poorly drained
Propagation Method:Seed, Division
Frost Tolerance:Tolerates light frost
Special Features:Edible, Bog gardens, Fast growing

The information provided on the Gardening With Angus website is provided for general educational purposes about a variety of Australian plants. We recommend you seek further advice from qualified professionals regarding your own individual circumstances.  Further disclaimer information>>


Once you have found the plant that looks right for you, the next step is where to buy it.
Most nurseries stock a good range of plants, but due to space and supplies, they may not always have the plant that you are searching for in stock. If they don’t, they may be able to order it in for you if you request it.
Specialist nurseries are also able to give great advice, and if they don’t have the plant you have planned on, they can often suggest alternatives that will also work well for you.
Below is a list of our favourite specialist nurseries. Click on the links for their details-


The Wildflower Place Erina – NSW 


Newcastle Wildflower Nursery – NSW


IndigiGrow- Sydney- NSW


Harvest Seeds And Native Plant Nursery – Sydney – NSW


Native Grace Nursery – Robertson NSW


Wariapendi Nursery – Colo Vale NSW


Sydney Wildflower Nursery – NSW


Cool Country Natives – ACT


Geelong Native Plants – Victoria


Wimmera Native Nursery – Victoria


Forest Heart eco-Nursery – Maleny Queensland


Natives R Us – Traveston – Queensland 


Zanthorrea Nursery – Perth WA


Manuka Native Nursery – South Australia




The Native Shop – mail order


Plants In A Box




Angus recommends Bush Tucker fertiliser for native plants.