Melaleuca quinquenervia – Paperbark

A medium sized to tall tree, growing from 8 to 25 metres tall and 5 to 10 metres wide, with lovely thick soft papery bark in cream to brown shades. The growth is spreading and makes a beautiful feature tree, and flowers with white bottlebrushes in late summer to autumn, attracting nectar eating wildlife. It withstands both very wet conditions and dryness, frost to -5, useful for windbreaks and as a street tree. Can be pruned to a single trunk or to a branching spreading tree. As it is a large plant, care needs to be taken as the root system could become a problem. The leaves can be used to make cineole-rich essential oil for various pharmaceutical uses, the bark was traditionally used for wrapping food for cooking, lining cradles, to stuff pillows and as emergency bandages. It naturally grows from Cape York Queensland to Sydney, also occurs in New Guinea and New Caledonia. It has been declared a noxious weed in 6 states of America where it has taken over some valuable ecosystems.

Family:Myrtaceae
Scientific Name:Melaleuca quinquenervia
Common Name:Paperbark
Other Common Names: Niaouli
Plant Type:Large tree
Height:8 ~ 25 metres
Width:5 ~ 10 metres
Flower Colour:White, Cream
Flowering Time:Summer, Autumn
Ph Level:Acid, Neutral
Soil Type:Sandy, Clay, Loamy, Sandy loam, Clay loam, Saline, Poor soil
Climate Zone:Tropical, Sub-tropical, Warm temperate
Light:Sunny, Light shade
Growth Habit:Evergreen, Spreading
Soil Moisture:Dry, Well-drained, Moist moderate drainage, Boggy poorly drained
Propagation Method:Seed
Frost Tolerance:Tolerates light frost
Plant Usage:Feature plant
Special Uses:Tea, Bird nesting plant
Attracts Wildlife:Bees, Nectar eating birds, Butterflies, Other insects, Mammals

 

 


 

WHERE TO GET YOUR PLANT

 

Once you have found the plant that you want, the next step is to find where to get it. Visit or ring your favourite nursery to see if they have it in stock. If they don’t, they may be able to order it in for you.  Specialist nurseries are also able to give great advice, and if they don’t have the plant you want, they can often suggest an alternative to you. Below is a list of our favourite specialist nurseries, and some who do mail order. Click on the links for their details-

 

The Wildflower Place Erina – NSW 

 

Sydney Wildflower Nursery – NSW

 

Newcastle Wildflower Nursery – NSW

 

Cool Country Natives – ACT

 

Wimmera Native Nursery – Victoria

 

Zanthorrea Nursery – Perth WA

 

Manuka Native Nursery – South Australia

 

Sydney Wildflower Nursery – mail order

 

The Native Shop – mail order

 


 

 

Angus recommends Bush Tucker fertiliser for native plants.